Modern Standard Hindi

The history of Hindi

Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is considered to be a direct descendant of an early form of Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Sauraseni Apabhra??a. It has been influenced by Dravidian languages, Turkic languages, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese and English. It has emerged as Apabhramsha Corruption or corrupted speech, a degenerated form of Prakrit, in the 7th century A.D. By the 10th century A.D., it became stable. Braj Bhasha, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Khari Boli etc. are the dialects of it. As a form of Hindustani, Standard Hindi is based on the Khariboli dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region. Urdu, another form of Hindustani acquired linguistic prestige in the later Mughal period 1800s. In the late 19th century, a movement to develop Hindi as a standardised form of Hindustani separate from Urdu took form. In 1881, Bihar accepted Hindi as its sole official language, replacing Urdu, and thus became the first state of India to adopt Hindi.

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